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'''György Lukács''' (; ; (or '''Georg Lukács''') 13 April 1885 – 4 June 1971) was a Hungarian Marxist philosopher, Aesthetics|aesthetician, History of literature|literary historian, and literary critic|critic. He was one of the founders of Western Marxism, an interpretive tradition that departed from the Marxist philosophy|Marxist ideological orthodoxy of the USSR. He developed the theory of reification (Marxism)|reification, and contributed to Marxist theory with developments of Karl Marx's theory of class consciousness. He was also the philosopher of Leninism. He ideologically developed and organised Lenin's pragmatic revolutionary practices into the formal philosophy of Vanguardism|vanguard-party revolution. As a Literary criticism|literary critic Lukács was especially influential, because of his theoretical developments of Literary realism|realism and of the novel...
RegionWestern Philosophy
Era20th-century philosophy
Birth date13 April 1885
Birth placeBudapest, Austria-Hungary
Death date{{death date and age|df=yes|1971|6|4|1885|4|13}}
Death placeBudapest, People's Republic of Hungary|Hungary
Alma materCorvinus University of Budapest|Royal Hungarian University of Budapest
Humboldt University of Berlin|University of Berlin
Franz Joseph University|Royal Hungarian University of Kolozsvár (Juris Doctor|J.D., 1906)
University of Budapest (Ph.D., 1909){{sfn|Marcus|Tarr|1989|p=2}}
School traditionNeo-Kantianism (early)[ Georg Lukács: Neo-Kantian Aesthetics], ''Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy''
Western Marxism (late)
InfluencesImmanuel Kant, G.W.F. Hegel, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Wilhelm Dilthey, Emil Lask, Georges Sorel, Vladimir Lenin, Rosa Luxemburg, Søren Kierkegaard
InfluencedThe Frankfurt School, The Praxis School, Budapest School (Lukács)|The Budapest School, Walter Benjamin, Lucien Goldmann, Imre Lakatos, Karl Polanyi, Guy Debord, Tom Rockmore, Moishe Postone, Richard D. Wolff, Costanzo Preve, Leszek Kołakowski, Karel Kosík, Fredric Jameson
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